Cramer, Patrick, Prof. Dr.

Professor, Director at the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry


  • Study of chemistry at the Universities of Stuttgart and Heidelberg, Research student at the University of Bristol (UK) and Cambridge (UK)
  • 1995 Diploma in chemistry at the University of Heidelberg
  • 1998 Doctorate at the University of Heidelberg/EMBL Grenoble (France)
  • 1995 -1998 Predoctoral fellow in Grenoble (France)
  • 1999 - 2000 postdoctoral fellow at Stanford University (USA)
  • 2001 - 2003 Tenure-track professor of biochemistry at the University of Munich
  • 2004 - 2014 Professor of biochemistry at the University of Munich
  • 2004 - 2013 Director at the Gene Center of the University of Munich (LMU)
  • Since 2014 Director of the Department for Molecular Biology at the Max Planck Institute of Biophysical Chemistry




Major Research Interests

Molecular Biology: from molecular movies to regulatory systems

Gene transcription is the first step in the expression of the genetic information and a focal point for cellular regulation. Our goal is to understand the molecular mechanisms of gene transcription and the principles of genomic regulation in eukaryotic cells. We use integrated structural biology and complementary functional studies to unravel the three-dimensional and functional architecture of large macromolecular complexes involved in transcription. We also develop functional genomics methods and computational approaches to unravel the cellular mechanisms of genomic regulation. These efforts led to a first molecular movie of transcription and provided insights into gene-regulatory cellular networks. Together, these efforts shape the emerging fields of genome biology and molecular systems biology. Our aim is to understand the functional genome as a regulatory network based on the underlying structural and molecular mechanisms.


Homepage Department / Research Group

http://www.mpibpc.mpg.de/cramer




Selected Recent Publications


  • Vos SM, Farnung L, Urlaub H, Cramer P (2018) Structure of paused transcription complex Pol II-DSIF-NELF. Nature 560, 601-606

  • Schilbach S et al., Cramer P (2017) Structures of transcription pre-initiation complex with TFIIH and Mediator. Nature 551, 204-209

  • Farnung L, Vos SM, Wigge C, Cramer P (2017) Nucleosome–Chd1 structure and implications for chromatin remodeling. Nature 550, 539-542

  • Gressel S, Schwalb B, Decker TM, Qin W, Leonhardt H, Eick D, Cramer P (2017) CDK9-dependent RNA polymerase II pausing controls transcription initiation. eLife

  • Schwalb B, Michel M, Zacher B, Frühauf K, Demel C, Tresch A, Gagneur J, Cramer P (2016) TT-seq maps the human transient genome. Science. 2016 Jun 3; 352(6290):1225-8