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A playground for evolution

The term “genome” refers to the entirety of the genetic material that is encoded in each individual cell of an organism and contains information that dictates how species-specific morphological structures are formed. Thus far, a duplication of the genome has only been determined for vertebrates. Now, for the first time, an international team of scientists has found that the genomes of spiders and scorpions similarly underwent duplication.

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A new level of magnetic saturation

An international group of astronomers lead by scientists from the University of Göttingen has detected unexpectedly strong magnetic fields on the surface of a few fast rotating M dwarf stars. For a long time it was thought that the dynamo in these stars saturates with a maximum magnetic field strength of about four kilogauss (kG) if a star rotates faster than a particular rotation rate. The researchers now discovered that some fully convective M dwarfs generate even stronger fields of up to about seven kG.

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Believed long-lost amber stones with inclusions now rediscovered

The Königsberg amber stone collections - amounting to almost 20,000 stones, approximately 12,000 of which contain inclusions of insects and other organisms - are now being entrusted to and scientifically curated by Göttingen University for Stiftung Preussischer Kulturbesitz. The curator of Göttingen University's Geoscience Museum recently discovered materials in the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard University that can be assigned to the Königsberg collection. In June 2017, almost 400 valuable pieces were reunited with the collection curated in Göttingen.

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Increase in cocoa yields through ecological intensification

Cocoa is one of the world's most widely traded commodities. The optimisation of pollination is an essential factor for increasing yields. However, only around five to ten percent of cocoa flowers are pollinated by natural means. As part of his doctoral thesis, Manuel Toledo-Hernández, an agricultural ecologist at the University of Göttingen, analysed studies on the pollination of cocoa plants from the past 70 years.

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The function of tiny organisms

Tiny organisms are the object of postdoctoral studies by French biologist Dr. Amandine Erktan at the University of Göttingen and the Freie Universität Berlin. With funding by the European Union in the form of a Marie Curie Fellowship, Erktan will be conducting her research partly in the labs of Göttingen’s Animal Ecology Working Group under the supervision of Prof. Dr. Stefan Scheu.

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In eigener Sache: neues Design für die Internet–Seiten der Universität

Seit dem 10. Juli haben die Internet-Seiten der Universität ein neues Aussehen und sind auch auf Mobilgeräten besser lesbar.

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