Gustav Ludwig Hertz (1887 to 1975)
From 1906 to 1908 Gustav Ludwig Hertz (1887 to 1975) studied mathematics at the University of Göttingen and physics in Munich and Berlin. Here he became the assistant of James Franck in 1912, with whom he developed a close cooperation and friendship. In the year 1925 the two scientists jointly received the Nobel Prize for Physics for their discovery of the laws governing the collision of an electron with an atom. In the same year Gustav Hertz was appointed professor for experimental physics at the University of Halle, then moved to Berlin and later to Leipzig. Hertz is one of the 18 German nuclear scientists who in 1957 signed the so-called Göttingen Declaration for the renunciation of nuclear weapons.