The University of Göttingen is an internationally renowned research university. Founded in 1737 in the Age of Enlightenment, the University is committed to the values of social responsibility of science, democracy, tolerance and justice. It offers a comprehensive range of subjects across 13 faculties: in the natural sciences, humanities, social sciences and medicine. With about 30,000 students and more than 210 degree programmes, the University is one of the largest in Germany.
New press releases
Environment leaves its mark on genome through DNA methylation
In many species, such as zebrafish, sex is partly or completely determined by the environment. Genes can predispose to a particular sex but may be “overruled” by the influence of the environment, for example temperature or population density. However, the mechanisms are not fully understood. Now, a research team led by Göttingen University has identified the DNA ‘hotspots’ that tell zebrafish to change sex in warmer waters. Results were published in Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology.
Playing wind instruments causes less transmission than singing
The risk of transmission from a person infected with, for example, Sars-CoV-2, from playing a wind instrument is significantly lower than from singing or speaking. This is the conclusion reached by a Göttingen research team. The researchers determined the particle emission and the associated maximum transmission risk when playing many different wind instruments. The results indicate how events could be best organised with the lowest possible risk of infection, even during a pandemic.
Which creatures mean more cacao in the field?
Without insects, there would be no cacao - a much-desired raw material for the food industry. Insects ensure that the flowers are pollinated and that the cacao fruits develop. In addition, birds and bats contribute significantly to increasing the crop yield. Researchers from the Universities of Würzburg, Göttingen and Vienna, the Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT, have studied this in north-western Peru. The results were published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B.
Award for German-French research collaboration
The chemist Professor Lutz Ackermann from Göttingen University receives the SCF French-German Georg Wittig-Victor Grignard Prize 2022, which is awarded to outstanding chemists who have enriched research in both countries through their work. Ackermann receives the prize for his research in the field of catalytic activation of reaction-carrying C-H bonds by transition metal catalysis. The prize also recognises his special efforts to promote intensive scientific exchange between Germany and France.
Making and breaking of chemical bonds in single “nanoconfined” molecules
Researchers around the world are working to develop efficient materials to convert CO2 into usable chemical substances – work that is particularly pressing in view of global warming. A team from Göttingen University, and the Ulsan National Institute for Science, South Korea, has discovered a new and promising approach: catalytically active molecules are "nanoconfined" on a surface that serves as a conductive electron supplier.
New clues about land plants’ closest algal relatives
Land plants are an extremely diverse group and, in terms of structure, the most complex organisms that photosynthesize. Their closest algal relatives, the Zygnematophyceae, however, have a more humble body plan: they are simply unicells or just filaments. Yet, appearances are deceptive. An international team of scientists led by the Universities of Göttingen and Cologne took a deep dive into the evolutionary history of Zygnematophyceae using modern gene sequencing.